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My husband and I are great lovers of fish. We were never too athletic and did not follow the health. On the weekend in the morning, my stomach got sick. We went to the doctor and he diagnosed gastritis. The doctor said that the main causes of gastritis, malnutrition and lack of hygenic hands. We usually fry fish, most likely this affected the health of his stomach. The cause of gastritis - Helical and rod-shaped bacteria, it was the cause of pain in the stomach of my husband. My husband had to change his diet and stop eating sea ducks. Now my beloved person eats only soups. Below I will describe in more detail what I learned about gastritis from our doctor. 

Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation or swelling in the lining of the stomach. It can cause severe and nagging pain. However, the pain is temporary and usually lasts for short bursts at a time.

Acute gastritis comes on suddenly, and can be caused by injury, bacteria, viruses, stress, or ingesting irritants such as alcohol, NSAIDs, steroids, or spicy food. It is often only temporary. Chronic gastritis, on the other hand, comes on more slowly and lasts longer. Chronic gastritis might cause more of a consistent dull ache than the more intense pain of acute gastritis.

Gastritis is a separate condition from gastroenteritis. Gastritis only directly affects the stomach and may include nausea or vomiting, while gastroenteritis affects both the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis symptoms may include diarrhea in addition to nausea or vomiting.

While the prevalence of chronic gastritis has decreased in developing countries in recent years, acute gastritis is still common.

 

What causes acute gastritis?

Acute gastritis occurs when the lining of your stomach is damaged or weak. This allows digestive acids to irritate the stomach. There are many things that can damage your stomach lining. The causes of acute gastritis include:

  • medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids
  • bacterial infections such as H. pylori
  • excessive alcohol consumption

NSAIDs and corticosteroids (steroid hormone medications) are the most common causes of acute gastritis.

H. pylori is a type of bacteria that can infect the stomach. It’s often the cause of peptic ulcers. While it’s unclear how H. pylori spreads, it can result in stomach inflammation, loss of appetite, nausea, bloating, and abdominal pain.

What are the symptoms of acute gastritis?

Some people with acute gastritis do not have any symptoms. Other people may have symptoms that range from mild to severe.

Common symptoms include:

  • loss of appetite
  • indigestion
  • black stools
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • bloody vomit that looks like used coffee grounds
  • pain in the upper part of the abdomen
  • a full feeling in the upper abdomen after eating

Some symptoms associated with acute gastritis are also seen in other health conditions. It can be difficult to confirm acute gastritis without talking to a doctor.

Contact your doctor if you have gastritis symptoms for a week or longer. If you vomit blood, seek medical attention immediately.

Author : Mani